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@maxmind/minfraud-api-node

Node.js API for MaxMind minFraud Score, Insights, and Factors

Description

This package provides an API for the MaxMind minFraud Score, Insights, Factors, and Report Transaction web services.

Requirements

MaxMind has tested this API with Node.js versions 12 and 14. We aim to support active LTS versions of Node.js, as well as the latest stable release.

Installation

yarn add @maxmind/minfraud-api-node

If you are not able to use yarn, you may also use npm:

npm install @maxmind/minfraud-api-node

API Documentation

Documentation for this API can be found here

Usage

To use this API, first create a new Client object. The constructor takes your MaxMind account ID and license key. For example:

const client = new minFraud.Client("1234", "LICENSEKEY");

Then create a new Transaction object. This represents the transaction that you are sending to minFraud. Each transaction property is instantiated by creating a new instance of each property's class. For example:

const transaction = new minFraud.Transaction({
  device: new minFraud.Device({
    ipAddress: '81.2.69.160',
  }),
  email: new minFraud.Email({
    address: 'foo@bar.com',
    domain: 'bar.com',
  }),
});

If Transaction instantiation fails, an ArgumentError is thrown. This is usually due to invalid property values.

After creating the Transaction object, you can send a Score, Insights, or Factors request, which returns a Promise that contains the corresponding model:

// minFraud Score
client.score(transaction).then(scoreResponse => ...);

// minFraud Insights
client.insights(transaction).then(insightsResponse => ...);

// minFraud Factors
client.factors(transaction).then(factorsResponse => ...);

If the request fails, an error object will be returned in the catch in the form of:

{
  code: string
  error: string
  url: string
}

Reporting a transaction using the Report Transactions API

MaxMind encourages the use of this API, as data received through this channel is continually used to improve the accuracy of our fraud detection algorithms.

To use the Report Transactions API, create a new TransactionReport object. An IP address and a valid tag are required key values. Additional key values may also be set, as documented below.

See the API documentation for more details.

  const transactionReport = new minFraud.TransactionReport({
    ipAddress: '81.2.69.160',
    tag: minFraud.Constants.Tag.NOT_FRAUD,

    // The following key/values are not mandatory but are encouraged
    chargebackCode: 'the string provided by your payment processor indicating
    the reason for the chargeback',
    maxmindId: '12345678',
    minfraudId: '58fa38d8-4b87-458b-a22b-f00eda1aa20d',
    notes: 'some notes',
    transactionId: 'the transaction ID you originally passed to minFraud',
  });

  client.reportTransaction(transactionReport).then(() => ...);

If the request succeeds, no data is returned in the Promise.

If the request fails, an error object will be returned in the catch in the form of:

{
  code: string
  error: string
  url: string
}

Errors and Exceptions

Thrown by the request and transaction models:

  • ArgumentError - Thrown when invalid data is passed to the Transaction and Transaction property constructors.

In addition to the response errors returned by the web API, we also return:

{
  code: 'SERVER_ERROR',
  error: <string>
}

{
  code: 'HTTP_STATUS_CODE_ERROR',
  error: <string>
}

{
  code: 'INVALID_RESPONSE_BODY',
  error: <string>
}

Example

import { URL } from 'url'; // Used for `order.referrerUri
import * as minFraud from '@maxmind/minfraud-api-node';
// const minFraud = require('@maxmind/minfraud-api-node');

// client is reusable
const client = new minFraud.Client("1234", "LICENSEKEY");

let transaction;

try {
  transaction = new minFraud.Transaction({
    device: new minFraud.Device({
      ipAddress: "81.2.69.160",
    }),
    event: new minFraud.Event({
      shopId: 'shop',
      time: new Date(Date.now()),
      transactionId: 'txn1234',
      type: minFraud.Constants.EventType.PayoutChange,
    }),
    account: new minFraud.Account({
      userId: 'user123',
      username: 'userperson',
    }),
    email: new minFraud.Email({
      address: 'foo@bar.com',
      domain: 'bar.com',
    }),
    billing: new minFraud.Billing({
      address: '123 Robot Ave.',
      address2: 'Suite 10011',
      city: 'Waltham',
      company: 'Robots Inc.',
      country: 'US',
      firstName: 'Robot',
      lastName: 'Bar',
      phoneCountryCode: '1',
      phoneNumber: '123-456-1234',
      postal: '12345',
      region: 'MA',
    }),
    shipping: new minFraud.Shipping({
      address: '123 Robot Ave.',
      address2: 'Suite 10011',
      city: 'Waltham',
      company: 'Robots Inc.',
      country: 'US',
      deliverySpeed: minFraud.Constants.DeliverySpeed.Expedited,
      firstName: 'Robot',
      lastName: 'Bar',
      phoneCountryCode: '1',
      phoneNumber: '123-456-0000',
      postal: '12345',
      region: 'MA',
    }),
    payment: new minFraud.Payment({
      declineCode: 'A',
      processor: minFraud.Constants.Processor.ConceptPayments,
      wasAuthorized: true,
    }),
    creditCard: new minFraud.CreditCard({
      avsResult: 'A',
      bankName: 'Foo Bank',
      bankPhoneCountryCode: '1',
      bankPhoneNumber: '123-123-1234',
      cvvResult: 'B',
      issuerIdNumber: '411111',
      last4digits: '1234',
      token: 'a_token',
      was3DSecureSuccessful: true,
    }),
    order: new minFraud.Order({
      affiliateId: 'robotnet',
      amount: 22.99,
      currency: 'USD',
      discountCode: 'COUPONS',
      hasGiftMessage: true,
      isGift: true,
      referrerUri: new URL('https://robots.com/swarms'),
      subaffiliateId: 'swarm',
    }),
    shoppingCart: [
      new minFraud.ShoppingCartItem({
        category: 'screws',
        itemId: 'sc123',
        price: 9.99,
        quantity: 100,
      }),
      new minFraud.ShoppingCartItem({
        category: 'screws',
        itemId: 'sc123',
        price: 9.99,
        quantity: 100,
      }),
    ],
    customInputs: [
      new minFraud.CustomInput('key', 'value'),
      new minFraud.CustomInput('key_2', true),
      new minFraud.CustomInput('key_3', 100),
    ]
  });
} catch(error) {
  // handle the error
}

client.score(transaction as minFraud.Transaction).then(response => {
  console.log(response.riskScore) // 50
  console.log(response.ipAddress.risk) // 50
});

Support

Please report all issues with this code using the GitHub issue tracker.

If you are having an issue with the minFraud service that is not specific to the client API, please see our support page.

Contributing

Patches and pull requests are encouraged. Please include unit tests whenever possible.

Versioning

This API uses Semantic Versioning.

Copyright and License

This software is Copyright (c) 2019-2021 by MaxMind, Inc.

This is free software, licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0.

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